An Estimated

contingent assets

Another contingent liability is the warranty that automakers provide on new cars. The other part of the journal entry is to debit Warranty Expense and report it on the income statement. Interest must be calculated using an estimate of the interest rate at which the company could have borrowed and the present value tables. The present value of the note on the day of signing represents the amount of cash received by the borrower. The total interest expense is the difference between the present value of the note and the maturity value of the note. Discount on notes payable is a contra account used to value the Notes Payable shown in the balance sheet.


Discounting contingent liabilities is generally prohibited. The LedgerLedger in accounting records and processes a firm’s financial data, taken from journal entries. This becomes an important financial record for future reference. Contingent liabilities are recorded to ensure that the financial statements are accurate and meet requirements of generally accepted accounting principles or International Financial Reporting Standards . The reason is that the event (“the injury itself”) giving rise to the loss arose in Year 1.

asset leaders should also be aware of contingent liabilities, because they should be considered when making strategic decisions about a company’s future. Describe the criteria that apply in accounting for contingencies.How does timing of events give rise to the recording of contingencies? There are numerous examples of contingent liabilities. Legal disputes give rise to contingent liabilities, environmental contamination events give rise to contingent liabilities, product warranties give rise to contingent liabilities, and so forth. Property tax liability, estimated since a property’s value may fluctuate and its tax rates fluctuate accordingly.

Accounting Topics

Therefore, one should carefully read the notes to the financial statements before investing or loaning money to a company. Many other liabilities are not created by a specific event but rather grow gradually day by day. Interest and rent are common examples but salaries, insurance, payroll taxes, and utilities also accrue in the same manner. Interest on a loan or the amount due to an employee gets larger on a continual basis.

estimated warranty payable

The lawsuit was considered a contingent liability in the books of Samsung ltd, with an estimated value of $700 million. Contingent LiabilityContingent Liabilities are the potential liabilities of the company that may arise at some future date as a result of a contingent event that is beyond the company’s control. Liabilities are future sacrifices of economic benefits that a company is required to make to other entities due to past events or past transactions. On a balance sheet, liabilities are listed according to the time when the obligation is due. GAAPin the U.S. or the Russian Accounting Principles in Russia.

Accounting Principles II

Although contingent liabilities are necessarily estimates, they only exist where it is probable that some amount of payment will be made. This is why they need to be reported via accounting procedures, and why they are regarded as “real” liabilities. At the end of the year, the accounts are adjusted for the actual warranty expense incurred. Contingent liabilities are also important for potential lenders to a company, who will take these liabilities into account when deciding on their lending terms.

Because the bitdefender vs mcafee is both probable and easy to estimate, the firm posts an accounting entry on the balance sheet to debit legal expenses for $2 million and to credit accrued expense for $2 million. Estimated retirement liability must be recorded in the balance sheet as a liability. It is based on the number of employees eligible for retirement and their pension benefits.

  • Estimated property tax liability refers to the amount a property holder forecasts to pay in tax, subject to changes in property value.
  • An estimated liabilityObligation of an uncertain amount that can be reasonably estimated.
  • In accounting terms, a liability is an amount that you owe a creditor.
  • Customers who purchased 75 percent of those pairs also purchased the one-year extended warranty.
  • The local government computes this tax according to the area where the property is situated, and the owner is responsible for paying the tax.

A fair value estimate for such liabilities will include an amount for an entity’s stand-ready obligation that it assumes when the contract is issued. Because of the lack of specific guidance on this topic, diversity in practice exists. When a company becomes involved in a lawsuit, it’s time to understand more about contingent liability. The company’s lawyer might feel the other party’s case is fairly strong, which is a situation that’s going to lead to damages.

The accountant believes that the actual warranty liability may be higher than her original estimates. She now believes that an additional $17,000 should be added. On December 31, OK Buy’s accountant determines that 3 percent of the outstanding gift cards will never be redeemed for various reasons. She used past history to help determine this figure. OK Buy sells gift cards in various denominations. The company likes to sell these because it receives the cash immediately, but knows that a certain percentage will never be redeemed for merchandise.

IAS plus

Remote risks need not be disclosed; they are viewed as needless clutter. What about business decision risks, like deciding to reduce insurance coverage because of the high cost of the insurance premiums? GAAP is not very clear on this subject; such disclosures are not required, but are not discouraged. What about contingent assets/gains, like a company’s claim against another for patent infringement? Such amounts are almost never recognized before settlement payments are actually received.

We also reference original research from other reputable publishers where appropriate. You can learn more about the standards we follow in producing accurate, unbiased content in oureditorial policy. Properly managing a company’s liabilities is crucial to avoid a solvency crisis, or in a worst-case scenario, bankruptcy.


Prepare the journal entry at January 19, 2018, to record payment of the bonus to employees. Prepare the journal entry to record payment of the note at maturity. An estimated liability is a liability that is absolutely owed because the services or goods have been received.

By accepting money for an extended warranty, the seller agrees to provide services in the future. The revenue is not earned until the earning process is substantially complete in the future. Thus, the $50 received for the extended warranty is initially recorded as “unearned revenue.” This balance is a liability because the company owes a specified service to the customer. As indicated previously, liabilities do not always represent future cash payments.

Chapter 2.4 Provision and Contingent Liability

Acquired contingencies are recorded based on an estimate of actual value. Property taxes are considered estimated liabilities because a property’s value can change, which causes the local government to adjust tax rates. Estimated property tax liability refers to the amount a property holder forecasts to pay in tax, subject to changes in property value.

Okay, During december, drones International had $2 million in sales. Alright, so what we’re gonna do is we’re gonna take an entry for our revenue, we had revenue of $2 million, but we’re also gonna have to take our warranty expense. Well, first, let’s do our revenue part of our entry. We know we got cash, let’s say or accounts receivable in the amount of two million. Right, so that would be a credit to revenue debit to cash.

Estimated costs under these warranties are properly reported in current liabilities. Many other automobile warranties are for three years or 36,000 miles. A portion of these warranties is reported as long term. Example A phone manufacturing firm offers a one-year warranty on the phone they manufacture, which costs $1,000 each. If the firm forecasts that customers will return 50 phones under warranty for $1,000, the firm will debit warranty expense by $50,000 and credit accrued warranty liability by $50,000.

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